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How October 12 Is Celebrated Around the World

by Redacción don Quijote on Thursday, October 11, 2018

Christopher Columbus arrived to the Americas for the first time on October 12, 1492. The historic event marks an important change in the course of the history of the Western world, as it lead to permanent contact between Europe and the Americas. The day is officially observed in a variety of ways and called a variety of names in much of Latin America, the US and Spain. 

Read this article in Spanish

October 12 in Spain

Spanish law establishes it as the Fiesta Nacional de España, or the national day of Spain, although many Spaniards continue referring to it as Día de la Hispanidad, which was the former name of the Spanish holiday. The law goes on to explain that the day is commemorated because it symbolizes the expansion of Spanish language and culture beyond European borders. Spanish is spoken by 414 million native speakers, of which only 46 million live in Spain.

When the day was first celebrated in Spain in 1914, it was originally called “fiesta de la raza” in the hopes of creating a holiday that would celebrate unity between Spain and Ibero-America. Just a few years later, the Spanish priest Zacarías de Vizcarra proposed replacing the term raza with hispanidad, a new term coined for the occasion.

October 12 in Latin America

October 12 is still known as el Día de la Raza in some Latin American countries including Mexico. Other Latin American countries however, that once commemorated the day as el Día de la Raza have in recent years changed the name to honor diversity or to celebrate indigenous heritage. In Costa Rica, the day is known as the Día de las Culturas (Day of the cultures), in Argentina it’s Día del Respeto a la Diversidad Cultural (Day of respect of cultural diversity), in Venezuala Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Day of Indigenous Resistance), and in Bolivia Día de la Descolonización (Day of decolonization). In Cuba it is not observed as a holiday. … read more »

Other Posts

Cómo se celebra el 12 de octubre alrededor del mundo

by Redacción don Quijote on Thursday, October 11, 2018

Cristóbal Colón llegó a América por primera vez el 12 de Octubre de 1492 . Este invento histórico marcó un importante cambio en el curso de la historia del mundo occidental y condujo a un contacto permanente entre Europa y América. Este día es oficialmente celebrado de diferentes maneras y con muchos nombres en Latinoamérica, Estados Unidos y España… read more »

No tener ni un pelo de tonto

by Sara Petruzzo on Monday, October 08, 2018

¿Te han dicho alguna vez que no tienes ni un pelo de tonto?… read more »

Not one foolish hair on your head

by Vanessa Johnson on Monday, October 08, 2018

Has anyone ever said to you, “No tienes ni un pelo de tonto” (you don’t have even one foolish hair)?… read more »

Ecuador’s Four Independence Days

by Vanessa Johnson on Thursday, October 04, 2018

Beginning in the late 1700s, a mixture of historical events and intellectual currents lay the groundwork for a push for independence from Spain in the different corners of Latin America. The revolutions in France and the United States and the ideas of the Enlightenment, Spain’s declining international power, and the resentment harbored by the criollos (people of Spanish descent born in the Americas) against the privileges enjoyed by the peninsulares (people born in Spain living in the Americas) all factored into a tumultuous atmosphere in the Spanish colonies. This was fuel for the fire that was finally sparked in 1808 with Napoleon’s invasion of Spain and the dethroning of Spanish King Ferdinand VII… read more »

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